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About Natural Gemstones

Basic Knowledge

1. Each batch of gemstones is like each season of wine; due to climate differences or various factors, there may be variations in color, cut, size, etc. Product photos are for reference only; please refer to the actual product.


2. Within a fixed price range that balances quality and aesthetics, variations in the growth traces, color, and size of gemstones within a certain range are considered acceptable. If any natural differences are unacceptable, please think twice before purchasing.


3. Natural crystal gemstones are formed through millions of years of geological pressure, making them resilient and durable. Unless subjected to external forces such as impacts, drops, or abrasions, they are easy to maintain and only require regular cleaning with water to remain sparkling like new.


4. Natural porous gemstones (pearls, corals, opals), have microscopic pores due to their generally low density. Contact with substances like concentrated oils, exfoliating products, perfumes, or silver cleaning solutions may cause irreversible discoloration or deterioration. Exercise caution to avoid contact with chemical agents.


5. Avoid pulling, swinging, pressing, or rubbing jewelry with sharp objects. While metals have some flexibility, repeated bending can lead to metal fatigue, resulting in significant wear, deformation, or breakage.


6. We offer lifetime maintenance and repair services. If maintenance or repair is required, self-handling is not recommended. Please contact our studio, store, or sales channel directly for professional assistance.




Mainly sourced from China, accounting for approximately 90% of the world's production.


Cultivation Method : The pearls commonly used in jewelry making are mostly cultivated artificially, with freshwater cultured pearls being the most prevalent. Many people mistakenly believe that artificially cultured pearls are fake pearls.


The formation of natural pearls relies on the innate defense mechanism of oysters or mussels - whenever an external object invades, they secrete nacre to wrap it layer by layer to alleviate pain, gradually forming a "pearl". Purely natural pearls are extremely rare, it is estimated that only one natural pearl may be found among approximately fifteen thousand mussels.

Today, all pearls, whether freshwater or South Sea pearls, are cultivated using artificial techniques. Freshwater pearls have no nucleus and are composed solely of nacre, making them denser than seawater pearls and easier to care for. In recent years, nucleus-based freshwater pearls with lustrous surfaces comparable to seawater pearls have also been cultivated.


Color : Freshwater pearls come in five main shades: white, light yellow, gray, pink, orange, and purple.


Maintenance: Since pearls are natural substances, akin to the uneven growth lines or scars on human skin, the rounder, larger, and more symmetrical the pearl, the higher the price. Pearls are sensitive to acid, dryness, and humidity, requiring special care. They should not be directly exposed to silver cleaning solution, as it can instantly strip away their original luster.


Baroque Pearls : Baroque Pearls, also known as irregular pearls, are pearls with irregular shapes that occur accidentally during artificial cultivation. Their bright colors and unique shapes create various captivating appearances. Their full and unique rainbow luster and one-of-a-kind shapes provide designers with imaginative space and are highlights for collectors.







Mainly sourced from Australia.


Opal derives its name from its unique color and luster. The English name "Opal" originates from the Sanskrit word "Upala," meaning "precious gemstone."


Opal contains 5-20% water content. When light enters opal and interacts with the water content, it produces a special phenomenon called "Play of Color," resulting in a vibrant array of colors. The ever-changing beauty of this play of color is often seen as a symbol of the varying facets of human love stories.


Opal is the birthstone for October, symbolizing hope, purity, and innocence, while also representing healing, friendship, and positivity. Due to their water content, opals should not be exposed to oils, prolonged soaking, overly dry environments, or direct sunlight, as this can cause discoloration, yellowing, and cracking.


It is recommended to avoid getting opal jewelry wet or in contact with any liquids. When not wearing opal jewelry for extended periods, store it in a sealed bag with a damp cotton ball to maintain proper humidity and avoid direct sunlight.








Mainly sourced from Brazil, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, etc.


Tourmaline is a gemstone known for its rich colors, capable of displaying over 170 different hues from the seven basic colors. It is often referred to as the "rainbow gemstone" due to its vibrant spectrum. Red, green, and blue tourmalines are particularly popular in the market, with the vivid red color of Rubellite being especially beloved, resembling that of rubies.


Tourmaline generates electrical charges at both ends under temperature changes, earning it the nickname "electric stone." It is generally believed to have the function of stabilizing and purifying the surrounding magnetic field. Red tourmaline, in particular, is thought to stimulate affinity, emanating one's unique charm. Besides enhancing friendships and attracting love, it is said to draw in ideal partners.




▎Moon Stone


Mainly sourced from Sri Lanka, India, Myanmar, Brazil.


In the United States, Native Americans regarded moonstone as the "sacred stone of the moon." Moonstone is a gemstone mineral characterized by alternating layers of orthoclase and albite feldspar. It exhibits a phenomenon known as adularescence : when white light hits the gemstone, interference colors are produced due to the unique internal structure of overlapping layers, resulting in a shimmering white to pale blue flash on the surface, resembling moonlight, hence the name moonstone.


Moonstone is cherished by many as a gemstone believed to awaken tender passion in loved ones. Alongside pearls and alexandrite, it is one of the birthstones for June, symbolizing wealth and longevity.








Mainly sourced from Myanmar, the United States, China, etc.


Known as peridot because of its olive-green color, gem-quality peridot is categorized into deep yellow, golden, yellow, and deep green peridot (also known as evening emerald or western emerald, and sometimes referred to as peridot).


The ancient Egyptians called peridot the "sunstone" and believed it possessed the power of the sun to ward off evil. In Hawaii, peridot is referred to as the "tears of Pele," the goddess of fire, perhaps because much of the peridot in the region is found in volcanic rock around volcanic craters, resembling drops of tears erupted from the volcano, encased in black volcanic rock.


Due to its high refractive index, peridot gives off a bright and radiant feeling. According to legend, Greek travelers relied on the glow of peridot to pray for peace and happiness during the night. Its bright yellow-green color, reminiscent of the lush and endless green of the tree of life, has earned peridot the title of "stone of happiness." As the birthstone for August, symbolizing gentle contentment, marital harmony, and family happiness, it is associated with the warm glow of sunshine.






Mainly sourced from Canada, Finland, Norway.


Labradorite is a feldspar mineral and belongs to the plagioclase series. It is commonly used as a decorative material, and some labradorite with iridescence is also used as a gemstone. Labradorite typically ranges from gray to brown to black, while gem-quality labradorite exhibits iridescence in red, blue, and green hues.


The color of labradorite ranges from light gray to dark gray-green, and under light reflection, it displays a rich spectrum of colors such as blue, green, orange, and red. Therefore, it is also known as spectrolite. Due to its rarity and enticing colors, labradorite has been engraved with royal insignia, becoming a "royal seal" exclusively reserved for royalty, symbolizing divine mandate.


In Japanese culture, labradorite is considered an amulet of love, a magical stone for guarding love. Additionally, it is believed that wearing labradorite after a day of laborious work can alleviate fatigue, relieve eye strain, and soothe sore throats.






Mainly sourced from Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.


Zircon is best known for its colorlessness. Due to its strong luster, high dispersion, and significant hardness, it is often used as a substitute for diamonds. Although pure zircon is colorless, impurities can produce variations in color, such as yellow, orange, blue, red, brown, and green.


Natural zircon is renowned for its intense refractive brilliance. With a refractive index ranging from 1.925 to 1.984, natural zircon exhibits a dazzling sparkle, even more so than rubies and sapphires, which have lower refractive indices. Among natural gemstones, only diamonds have a higher refractive index, with a value of 2.417. Thus, in terms of brilliance, zircon is truly captivating.


In general, natural zircon exhibits relatively pure inclusions when observed under a microscope. Being doubly refractive, natural zircon displays strong doubling effects, unlike diamonds. However, zircon is considerably softer than diamonds, leading to more noticeable abrasion along facet edges. It is said that wearing zircon can bring wisdom, honor, and wealth.


Many zircon products on the market are synthetic cubic zirconia crystals, also known as CZ or "synthetic diamonds." These are significantly cheaper than natural zircon and are commonly used as diamond substitutes. It's important to note that synthetic cubic zirconia is different from natural zircon, which is zirconium silicate.








Mainly sourced from Afghanistan, Chile, the United States, and Canada.


Lapis primarily consists of lazurite and calcite, exhibiting unique shades of blue, deep blue, light blue, and pale turquoise. When selecting lapis, it is preferred to choose specimens with even coloration, free of cracks, and with a fine texture displaying attractive golden flecks. A lower content of pyrite, which causes the golden flecks, does not affect the quality if absent on the surface.


High-quality lapis is mostly sourced from Afghanistan and is used in the creation of many renowned ornaments, including the masks of ancient Egyptian pharaohs such as Tutankhamun. It is believed that wearing lapis can ward off evil spirits.






Mainly sourced from Czech Republic and the United States.


Garnets exhibit color variations due to differing trace metal content, with some even appearing green, although they are predominantly found in shades of dark red, bright red, red-orange, and pink. They often occur in opaque or semi-transparent forms, with rare varieties displaying a brilliant luster.


In ancient Egypt and Rome, garnets were carved into special amulets and ornaments believed to bring power and victory. Legend has it that Noah hung garnets in the ark to scatter light and cure depression, warming the hearts of those aboard.




▎Sun Stone


Mainly sourced from Canada, the United States, Finland, and Norway.


Sunstone has always been charming with its peachy-orange hue, complementing most people's skin tones. Its golden shimmer resembles the thousands of strands of malt drawn into intricate patterns, captivating the beholder at first glance.


Sunstone belongs to the feldspar family and contains irregular golden-red flakes of minerals such as hematite and goethite within its crystal structure. These minerals reflect light, creating a dazzling golden flash known as the "schiller effect."


Radiating warmth akin to sunlight, sunstone pairs beautifully with white, lustrous pearls, making it the perfect choice for your daily light jewelry.






Mainly sourced from Brazil, Russia, and Canada.


Amethyst exhibits dichroism, displaying a vibrant purple color due to the presence of iron oxide. From different angles, it can showcase shades of blue or red-purple. The Spanish painter Velázquez, favored by the Spanish king, had a particular affinity for amethyst. He designed a crown adorned with amethysts, now housed in the historical museum in Vienna. Modern-day Berlin also features a statue of Napoleon carved from amethyst.


In Western countries, amethyst symbolizes the "stone of guardianship in love," believed to bestow profound love, chastity, honesty, and courage upon couples and spouses. In Greek mythology, amethyst is associated with Bacchus, the god of fertility, symbolizing mysterious "sexual vitality."


Amethyst is widely believed to have the ability to attract wealth. It is regarded as an intelligent magnetic field, possessing calming and soothing properties. Its pure, delicate, and dense energy feels like a gentle breeze. Governing the world of the right brain, it enhances spirituality and can unlock higher wisdom.




▎Pink / Rose Quartz


Mainly sourced from Madagascar, Brazil, and Scotland.


Also known as pink quartz, rosen quartz, rose crystal, or pink crystal, Rose Quartz derives its pink color from traces of titanium ions. The crystals are extremely rare and often found in masses, commonly carved or cut into convex shapes or beads. When the included rutile in rose quartz is cut into a convex shape, it may produce a star-like effect.


It is said that the pink light of Rose Quartz is the manifestation of the love spectrum of the ancient Greek goddess Aphrodite, attracting love and affection. Therefore, Rose Quartz has long been believed to attract good relationships and love since ancient times.






Mainly sourced from Brazil, Russia, Afghanistan, and Nigeria.


Aquamarine, with its sea-blue color, is a remarkably beautiful gemstone. Although it shares the basic components with emerald, raw aquamarine stones are typically bluish-green in color. In the early 19th century, aquamarines with a more greenish-blue hue were more popular, but nowadays, the sea-blue shade is preferred. If the raw stone appears green, it can be heat-treated to lighten its color, making it more blue. Apart from the sea-blue color, aquamarine can also be found in colorless or blue-green variations. While deep-blue aquamarines may resemble blue topaz, the deeper the color of the aquamarine, the higher its price. Aquamarine can also be cut into convex shapes to display its cat's eye effect.






Mainly sourced from Germany, Uruguay, and Brazil.


Agate is a variety of quartz. On cut surfaces, it exhibits concentric, wavy, layered, or parallel banded patterns formed by the presence of other metallic elements such as iron and nickel. These patterns come in various colors including gray, white, red, green, light brown, light blue, jade green, pinkish-green, and black. When there are no banded patterns, it is technically not considered agate but rather chalcedony.


Agate is one of the most widely distributed gemstones in nature, known for its toughness, vibrant colors, and attractive patterns. It is commonly used in jewelry and carving, with red agate being particularly popular, often combined with other colors and textures to highlight its unique features. Agate can also be predominantly other colors, with complementary colors enhancing its overall appearance.






Mainly sourced from Australia, Russia, and the United States.


Within the quartz family, the two largest series of gemstones are quartz and chalcedony. Quartz is more transparent, while chalcedony is comparatively opaque. Compared to transparent quartz, any quartz that appears opaque, waxy, or lacks luster on the surface is referred to as chalcedony.


Chalcedony gemstones are further classified based on color. Green chalcedony is known as chrysoprase, blue as blue chalcedony, orange-red as cornelian, and red as sard.


Chrysoprase, the green variety of chalcedony, is primarily produced in Australia. It is often referred to as Australian jade due to its origin. Chrysoprase comes in various shades of green, ranging from apple green to leek green. The production regions for different colors and types of chalcedony vary greatly.


Chrysoprase is abundant in supply and economical in price, making it a very popular gemstone. Unlike jade, there are no artificial imitations of chrysoprase on the market. However, unscrupulous merchants may sometimes attempt to pass off chrysoprase as jade to unsuspecting customers.


The value and price of chrysoprase depend on its color, with greener shades fetching higher prices. An average-quality chrysoprase typically costs tens of dollars per carat, while higher-quality specimens can fetch around a thousand dollars per carat. Chrysoprase from Australia is considered to be of the highest quality among all production regions.






Mainly sourced from India, the United States, and Canada.


Amazonite, also known as "Amazon stone," is a bright green to bright bluish-green variety of feldspar. It ranges in color from blue to bluish-green, and it is semi-transparent to translucent, resembling jade. Amazonite has distinct characteristics, featuring green and white grid-like patches and flashes. This is due to its unique and exclusive twin crystal structure, which is the fundamental difference from jade. It can be used for Jewellery or carvings.




▎Aventurine Quartz


Mainly sourced from Brazil, India, and Russia.


Aventurine quartz, also known as "Indian jade," is a green quartz containing chrome mica. The standard aventurine consists mainly of quartz with about 10% to 18% chrome mica. Due to the fine, evenly distributed flakes of chrome mica (with a diameter of 0.2-2 millimeters), aventurine exhibits bright oily green or bluish-green colors.


It has a strong oily and glassy luster, ranging from semi-transparent to translucent. India is the primary producer of aventurine, with its emerald green variety often referred to as "Indian jade."






Mainly sourced from Myanmar, Thailand, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Vietnam.


Apart from diamonds, the two most valuable gemstones in terms of hardness and value are ruby and sapphire, both belonging to the corundum family. These gemstones are formed when chromium ions are present in corundum, resulting in a bright red color, known as ruby.


Other colors of corundum are collectively referred to as sapphire. Although the sky blue variety of sapphire is the most popular, there are also many other vibrant colors available, including pink, orange, green, and purple.


Ruby is the most well-known and beloved variety within the corundum family. Its price also tops the list among common colored gemstones. The most desirable feature of ruby is its color. Only corundum that displays a deep red or brownish-red hue qualifies as ruby. Corundum with a less intense red color is known as pink sapphire. Rubies from Myanmar are the most prized due to their vivid red color, often referred to as "pigeon's blood," commanding the highest prices among rubies.






Mainly sourced from Myanmar, Sri Lanka, India, and Madagascar.


All non-red varieties of corundum with gemstone properties are referred to as sapphire. Due to impurities of iron and titanium, sapphires exhibit various hues, but the most prized is the clear deep blue color. Among them, Kashmir sapphire and Burmese royal blue sapphire are the most famous.



▎Smoky / Brown Quartz


Mainly sourced from Brazil, Madagascar, and Switzerland.


Smoky quartz, also known as smoky quartz or morion, possesses a subtle energy. Most smoky quartz crystals are hexagonal prisms, similar to other transparent quartz crystals, and may contain inclusions such as veils or clouds inside. The color of smoky quartz varies from light to dark brown, and sometimes it forms completely opaque black-brown crystals. The variation in color intensity of smoky quartz is caused by natural radiation during its formation.






Mainly sourced from Hawaii, Japan, and Iceland.


Obsidian, also known as tenchō-seki, is a naturally occurring glass formed when volcanic lava cools rapidly without sufficient time for mineral crystals to grow, resulting in a glassy texture. Because the outer edges of the lava flow cool the fastest, obsidian is typically found on the periphery of lava flows.


Obsidian is believed to have spiritual properties, absorbing negative energy, stress, and depression. It is said to ward off evil and protect against threats, acting as a silent guardian, much like a black knight.




▎Rutilated Crystal


Mainly sourced from Brazil, Switzerland, and France.


Rutilated quartz, named for the hair-like strands of mineral crystals contained within it, combines the inherent energy of natural quartz with crystalline inclusions such as rutile, tourmaline, green aventurine, and black tourmaline. Due to the varying colors of these inclusions, rutilated quartz is also known as titanium quartz, green rutilated quartz, or black rutilated quartz.


Rutilated quartz is even more robust and powerful than regular natural quartz. It is often regarded as the pinnacle of quartz energy fields. Due to its different colors and inherent frequencies, rutilated quartz is believed to have various properties. Common beliefs include that titanium quartz attracts wealth, while black rutilated quartz wards off evil and dispels negative energy.






Mainly sourced from Sri Lanka, Myanmar, and Madagascar.


Iolite possesses a rich violet-blue color, and when cut and polished, it resembles sapphire, earning it the nickname "water sapphire." Its strong pleochroism allows it to be easily identified without the need for specialized equipment, as it exhibits different colors when viewed from different angles, hence its name "pleochroic stone."


The most remarkable feature of iolite is its pleochroism. When viewed along the crystallographic axis, it displays its most beautiful blue color, while when viewed perpendicular to this axis, it may appear colorless (a property known as pleochroism). This characteristic is its defining feature. Iolite's energy is quite stable, and its color cannot be altered by heat. The most common colors seen in its pleochroism are blue, violet, light yellow, or colorless.